Amitabh Kant, India’s G20 Sherpa, revealed that it took more than 200 hours of continuous negotiations by a team of Indian diplomats to reach a consensus on the G20 declaration adopted at the 18th Leaders’ Summit in New Delhi.
Intensive Diplomatic Efforts at G20 Summit
This team of diplomats, which included Eenam Gambhir and Nagaraj Naidu Kakanur as joint secretaries, conducted 300 bilateral meetings and circulated 15 drafts to address the contentious Ukraine conflict and secure a consensus. They achieved this consensus on the very first day of the G20 Leaders Summit.
The most complex part of the entire #G20 was to bring consensus on the geopolitical paras (Russia-Ukraine). This was done over 200 hours of non -stop negotiations, 300 bilateral meetings, 15 drafts. In this, I was greatly assisted by two brilliant officers – @NagNaidu08 & @eenamg pic.twitter.com/l8bOEFPP37
— Amitabh Kant (@amitabhk87) September 10, 2023
Challenges in G20 Negotiations
The most challenging aspect of the entire G20 negotiation process was finding common ground on the geopolitical issues related to Russia and Ukraine. This achievement involved over 200 hours of relentless negotiations, 300 bilateral meetings, and multiple drafts. Amitabh Kant expressed his appreciation for the assistance he received from officers Nagaraj Naidu Kakanur and Eenam Gambhir.
India’s efforts resulted in surprising consensus among G20 countries with emerging economies like Brazil, South Africa and Indonesia playing significant role in the breakthrough. The G20 leaders’ declaration while avoiding specific mention of the Russian invasion of Ukraine called on all states to adhere to the principles of international law.
This included respecting each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty upholding international humanitarian law and supporting the multilateral system that ensures global peace and stability.